Friday, January 11, 2013

Portable Solar Water Distiller by Footbear

Portable solar water distiller
Here is a design for an inexpensive and easy to make
portable solar water distiller.

It works by allowing evaporated water to collect in a reservoir
created by the space between two concentric plastic bottles.

The reservoir is another plastic bottle covered in a black colored
fabric to make it hotter than the surrounding structure.

The collector is kept at a lower temperature using evaporative cooling.

The temperature differential created by the evaporated cooling
should allow the condensation process to happen a little faster
than it would without it.

Step 1


You will need three plastic bottles.
Two that have roughly the same diameter around the widest part.
One of those should have a tapering neck, much like a wine bottle.
I couldn't find plastic wine bottles, though I have heard that they
are being introduced in Europe.  So I went with the arrowhead
sparkling water bottle shown.   The third plastic bottle should
have a smaller diameter around the widest part.

a hot knife for cutting plastic
a vapour mask to avoid fumes
one or more white socks
one or more black socks
some tape

Step 2

Cut the bottoms off the larger bot

Using the hot knife with great care, being cons
Cut slowly through the plastic bottles, removin

Step 3

Insert the tapered neck bottle into the larger domed bottle

Remove the cap from the tapered neck bottle and leave the cap on the large domed bottle.

Slide the large bottle with the tapered neck inside the large domed bottle so they are concentric.

Leave a bit of clearance between the cap of the domed bottle and the opening of the tapered bottle.

Step 4

Remove the top portion of the smaller bottle

Using the hot knife, wearing the vapor mask, carefully remove the very top portion of the
 smaller water bottle as illustrated.

Cover the smaller bottle with the black sock and fill with water

Slide the black sock onto the bottom of the smaller bottle as illustrated.

Fill it with the water to be distilled.

Saturate the white socks and put them over the top bottle

get the white socks soaking wet and then slide them over the top of the two larger bottles

Set the larger bottles on top of the reservoir

Set the larger bottle construction with the wet white sock on top of the lower reservoir.

Place in full sun and wait a very long time

Place the completed distiller in full sun on a level surface and leave it for many hours.  With any luck, pure distilled water will collect and condense inside the enclosure.

When enough water has collected in the reservoir, remove the top portion cap and pour the distilled water from the reservoir.

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