Monday, May 31, 2010

Memorial Day Remembered

Memorial Day was originally known as Decoration Day because it was a time set aside to honor the nation's Civil War dead by decorating their graves. It was first widely observed on May 30, 1868, to commemorate the sacrifices of Civil War soldiers, by proclamation of General John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic, an organization of former sailors and soldiers. On May 5, 1868, Logan declared in General Order No. 11 that:

The 30th of May, 1868, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers, or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village, and hamlet churchyard in the land. In this observance no form of ceremony is prescribed, but posts and comrades will in their own way arrange such fitting services and testimonials of respect as circumstances may permit.
During the first celebration of Decoration Day, General James Garfield made a speech at Arlington National Cemetery, after which 5,000 participants helped to decorate the graves of the more than 20,000 Union and Confederate soldiers buried in the cemetery.
This 1868 celebration was inspired by local observances of the day in several towns throughout America that had taken place in the three years since the Civil War. In fact, several Northern and Southern cities claim to be the birthplace of Memorial Day, including Columbus, Miss.; Macon, Ga.; Richmond, Va.; Boalsburg, Pa.; and Carbondale, Ill.
In 1966, the federal government, under the direction of President Lyndon Johnson, declared Waterloo, N.Y., the official birthplace of Memorial Day. They chose Waterloo—which had first celebrated the day on May 5, 1866—because the town had made Memorial Day an annual, community-wide event during which businesses closed and residents decorated the graves of soldiers with flowers and flags.
By the late 1800s, many communities across the country had begun to celebrate Memorial Day and, after World War I, observances also began to honor those who had died in all of America's wars. In 1971, Congress declared Memorial Day a national holiday to be celebrated the last Monday in May. (Veterans Day, a day set aside to honor all veterans, living and dead, is celebrated each year on November 11.)
Today, Memorial Day is celebrated at Arlington National Cemetery with a ceremony in which a small American flag is placed on each grave. Also, it is customary for the president or vice-president to give a speech honoring the contributions of the dead and lay a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. About 5,000 people attend the ceremony annually.
Several Southern states continue to set aside a special day for honoring the Confederate dead, which is usually called Confederate Memorial Day.

Sunday, February 21, 2010

Survival Kit 101 for Home

Home Disaster Survival KitDisasters, both natural and man-made, can strike anywhere and anytime — the better prepared you and your family are, the better you will be able to cope with whatever situations arise. A major component of any family's disaster survival plan should be a well-stocked emergency supply kit. Joyce Harris is the Media Relations Director of the Los Angeles County Emergency Operations Center (LACEOC), which has the mission to develop, assemble and maintain information that may be needed during future emergencies. Here she lists the most important supplies for your home disaster kit:

  • Choose a sturdy, portable container.
    The container you choose to hold your emergency supplies should be sturdy and easy to transport, like a rolling trashcan or a backpack.
  • Buy emergency supplies.
    The following supplies should be in your kit: a first aid kit with a guidebook, prescription medications, an ABC fire extinguisher, a tool kit, a flashlight and radio with extra batteries, a dedicated set of warm clothing and a pair of sturdy shoes.
  • Keep three days of food and water.
    Store at least a three-day supply of water, one gallon per person per day. For your non-perishable food supply, try to choose foods that don't have a lot of salt in them.
  • Store emergency cash.
    Most people don't think about emergency cash, but it's something that you will find very important after a disaster. Also keep some change so that you can use the pay phones to call your loved ones in case you need to.

For more information about disaster readiness and home emergency kits, check out the following organizations or websites:
Los Angeles County Emergency Operations Center
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
American Red Cross
Columbia Fire & Safety: Home Emergency Kit
Earthquake Alert: Home Emergency Kit
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